Mms22p protects Saccharomyces cerevisiae from DNA damage induced by topoisomerase II.

The cleavage reaction of topoisomerase II, which creates double-stranded DNA breaks, plays a central role in both the cure and initiation of cancer. Therefore, it is important to understand the cellular processes that repair topoisomerase II-generated DNA damage. Using a genome-wide approach with Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we found that Deltamre11, Deltaxrs2, ...
Deltarad50, Deltarad51, Deltarad52, Deltarad54, Deltarad55, Deltarad57 and Deltamms22 strains were hypersensitive to etoposide, a drug that specifically increases levels of topoisomerase II-mediated DNA breaks. These results confirm that the single-strand invasion pathway of homologous recombination is the major pathway that repairs topoisomerase II-induced DNA damage in yeast and also indicate an important role for Mms22p. Although Deltamms22 strains are sensitive to several DNA-damaging agents, little is known about the function of Mms22p. Deltamms22 cultures accumulate in G2/M, and display an abnormal cell cycle response to topoisomerase II-mediated DNA damage. MMS22 appears to function outside of the single-strand invasion pathway, but levels of etoposide-induced homologous recombination in Deltamms22 cells are lower than wild-type. MMS22 is epistatic with RTT101 and RTT107, genes that encode its protein binding partners. Finally, consistent with a role in DNA processes, Mms22p localizes to discrete nuclear foci, even in the absence of etoposide or its binding partners.
Mesh Terms:
Cell Cycle, Cell Nucleus, Cullin Proteins, DNA Damage, DNA Repair, DNA Topoisomerases, Type II, Eukaryotic, Etoposide, Gene Deletion, Recombination, Genetic, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
Nucleic Acids Res.
Date: Feb. 19, 2005
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