p14ARF directly interacts with Myc through the Myc BoxII domain.

Myc is a well known proto-oncogene encoding for a transcription factor whose activity is tightly regulated in the cellular context. Myc was the first oncogene recognized to activate the ARF tumor suppressor gene which suppresses cell proliferation partly through stabilization of the p53 tumor suppressor protein but which also has ...
p53-independent growth-suppressive functions. Recent studies have indicated that mouse p19ARF negatively regulates Myc's transcriptional activity. We here show that the human p14ARF directly associates with Myc and relocates Myc from the nucleoplasm to the nucleolus. We found that p14ARF interacts with the Myc-Max complex and the binding of p14ARF does not interfere with Myc-Max interaction in vitro. Protein interaction assays define the Myc BoxII as a critical domain required for interaction with p14ARF. Moreover, we identify 30 amino acids encompassing Myc BoxII domain required for p14ARF interaction and colocalization in vivo. Finally, we show that p14ARF down regulates Myc activated transcription and that this activity cannot be addressed to an intrinsic p14ARF repressor domain.
Mesh Terms:
Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors, Cell Line, Cell Nucleolus, Dimerization, Down-Regulation, Gene Deletion, Humans, Protein Binding, Protein Interaction Mapping, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc, Recombinant Proteins, Transcription, Genetic, Tumor Suppressor Protein p14ARF
Cancer Biol. Ther.
Date: Mar. 01, 2006
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