Heterozygous deletion of chromosome 17p renders prostate cancer vulnerable to inhibition of RNA polymerase II.

Heterozygous deletion of chromosome 17p (17p) is one of the most frequent genomic events in human cancers. Beyond the tumor suppressor TP53, the POLR2A gene encoding the catalytic subunit of RNA polymerase II (RNAP2) is also included in a ~20-megabase deletion region of 17p in 63% of metastatic castration-resistant prostate ...
cancer (CRPC). Using a focused CRISPR-Cas9 screen, we discovered that heterozygous loss of 17p confers a selective dependence of CRPC cells on the ubiquitin E3 ligase Ring-Box 1 (RBX1). RBX1 activates POLR2A by the K63-linked ubiquitination and thus elevates the RNAP2-mediated mRNA synthesis. Combined inhibition of RNAP2 and RBX1 profoundly suppress the growth of CRPC in a synergistic manner, which potentiates the therapeutic effectivity of the RNAP2 inhibitor, α-amanitin-based antibody drug conjugate (ADC). Given the limited therapeutic options for CRPC, our findings identify RBX1 as a potentially therapeutic target for treating human CRPC harboring heterozygous deletion of 17p.
Mesh Terms:
Apoptosis, Carrier Proteins, Cell Line, Tumor, Cell Survival, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17, Humans, Immunoblotting, Immunohistochemistry, Immunoprecipitation, Male, Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant, RNA Polymerase II, Sequence Deletion, Transcription, Genetic, Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
Nat Commun
Date: Dec. 22, 2017
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