BRCT domains of the DNA damage checkpoint proteins TOPBP1/Rad4 display distinct specificities for phosphopeptide ligands.

TOPBP1 and its fission yeast homologueRad4, are critical players in a range of DNA replication, repair and damage signalling processes. They are composed of multiple BRCT domains, some of which bind phosphorylated motifs in other proteins. They thus act as multi-point adaptors bringing proteins together into functional combinations, dependent on ...
post-translational modifications downstream of cell cycle and DNA damage signals. We have now structurally and/or biochemically characterised a sufficient number of high-affinity complexes for the conserved N-terminal region of TOPBP1 and Rad4 with diverse phospho-ligands, including human RAD9 and Treslin, and Schizosaccharomyces pombe Crb2 and Sld3, to define the determinants of BRCT domain specificity. We use this to identify and characterise previously unknown phosphorylation-dependent TOPBP1/Rad4-binding motifs in human RHNO1 and the fission yeast homologue of MDC1, Mdb1. These results provide important insights into how multiple BRCT domains within TOPBP1/Rad4 achieve selective and combinatorial binding of their multiple partner proteins.
Mesh Terms:
Amino Acid Sequence, Carrier Proteins, DNA Damage, DNA-Binding Proteins, Humans, Ligands, Models, Molecular, Nuclear Proteins, Phosphopeptides, Phosphorylation, Protein Binding, Protein Domains, Schizosaccharomyces, Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins, Transglutaminases
Date: Dec. 08, 2017
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