Keap1-MCM3 interaction is a potential coordinator of molecular machineries of antioxidant response and genomic DNA replication in metazoa.

Coordination of DNA replication and cellular redox homeostasis mechanisms is essential for the sustained genome stability due to the sensitivity of replicating DNA to oxidation. However, substantial gaps remain in our knowledge of underlying molecular pathways. In this study, we characterise the interaction of Keap1, a central antioxidant response regulator ...
in Metazoa, with the replicative helicase subunit protein MCM3. Our analysis suggests that structural determinants of the interaction of Keap1 with its critical downstream target - Nrf2 master transactivator of oxidative stress response genes - may have evolved in evolution to mimic the conserved helix-2-insert motif of MCM3. We show that this has led to a competition between MCM3 and Nrf2 proteins for Keap1 binding, and likely recruited MCM3 for the competitive binding dependent modulation of Keap1 controlled Nrf2 activities. We hypothesise that such mechanism could help to adjust the Keap1-Nrf2 antioxidant response pathway according to the proliferative and replicative status of the cell, with possible reciprocal implications also for the regulation of cellular functions of MCM3. Altogether this suggests about important role of Keap1-MCM3 interaction in the cross-talk between replisome and redox homeostasis machineries in metazoan cells.
Mesh Terms:
Amino Acid Motifs, Animals, CHO Cells, Cell Line, Tumor, Cricetulus, DNA Replication, Evolution, Molecular, Humans, Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1, Keratinocytes, Minichromosome Maintenance Complex Component 3, NF-E2-Related Factor 2, Oxidative Stress, Primary Cell Culture, Protein Binding, Protein Conformation, alpha-Helical, Recombinant Proteins, Sequence Alignment, Sf9 Cells, Spodoptera, Trans-Activators
Sci Rep
Date: Dec. 14, 2017
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