The SSU processome interactome in Saccharomyces cerevisiae reveals novel protein subcomplexes.

Ribosome assembly is an evolutionarily conserved and energy intensive process required for cellular growth, proliferation, and maintenance. In yeast, assembly of the small ribosomal subunit (SSU) requires approximately 75 assembly factors that act in coordination to form the SSU processome, a 6 MDa ribonucleoprotein complex. The SSU processome is required ...
for processing, modifying, and folding the preribosomal RNA (rRNA) to prepare it for incorporation into the mature SSU. Although the protein composition of the SSU processome has been known for some time, the interaction network of the proteins required for its assembly has remained poorly defined. Here, we have used a semi-high-throughput yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) assay and coimmunoprecipitation validation method to produce a high-confidence interactome of SSU processome assembly factors (SPAFs), providing essential insight into SSU assembly and ribosome biogenesis. Further, we used glycerol density-gradient sedimentation to reveal the presence of protein subcomplexes that have not previously been observed. Our work not only provides essential insight into SSU assembly and ribosome biogenesis, but also serves as an important resource for future investigations into how defects in biogenesis and assembly cause congenital disorders of ribosomes known as ribosomopathies.
Mesh Terms:
Multiprotein Complexes, Protein Interaction Maps, Ribosomal Proteins, Ribosomes, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Two-Hybrid System Techniques
Date: Dec. 01, 2017
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