Basis for metabolite-dependent Cullin-RING ligase deneddylation by the COP9 signalosome.

The Cullin-RING ligases (CRLs) are the largest family of ubiquitin E3s activated by neddylation and regulated by the deneddylase COP9 signalosome (CSN). The inositol polyphosphate metabolites promote the formation of CRL-CSN complexes, but with unclear mechanism of action. Here, we provide structural and genetic evidence supporting inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6) as ...
a general CSN cofactor recruiting CRLs. We determined the crystal structure of IP6 in complex with CSN subunit 2 (CSN2), based on which we identified the IP6-corresponding electron density in the cryoelectron microscopy map of a CRL4A-CSN complex. IP6 binds to a cognate pocket formed by conserved lysine residues from CSN2 and Rbx1/Roc1, thereby strengthening CRL-CSN interactions to dislodge the E2 CDC34/UBE2R from CRL and to promote CRL deneddylation. IP6 binding-deficient Csn2 K70E/K70E knockin mice are embryonic lethal. The same mutation disabled Schizosaccharomyces pombe Csn2 from rescuing UV-hypersensitivity of csn2-null yeast. These data suggest that CRL transition from the E2-bound active state to the CSN-bound sequestered state is critically assisted by an interfacial IP6 small molecule, whose metabolism may be coupled to CRL-CSN complex dynamics.
Mesh Terms:
Animals, Binding Sites, COP9 Signalosome Complex, Calorimetry, Gene Deletion, Gene Knock-In Techniques, Genes, Transgenic, Suicide, Genotype, HEK293 Cells, Humans, Mice, Models, Molecular, Protein Binding, Protein Conformation, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Specific Pathogen-Free Organisms, Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes, Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Date: Dec. 25, 2019
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