Effect of constitutive 70-kDa heat shock protein polymerization on its interaction with protein substrate.

Laboratory of Cell Biology, NHLBI, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.
Constitutive 70-kDa heat shock protein (hsc70) is a mixture of monomers and oligomers in ADP, while in ATP it is monomeric unless certain DnaJ homologs are present which induce hsc70 to form large polymers in an ATP-dependent reaction. A key question regarding polymerized hsc70 is whether it is able to bind protein substrates. Polymerized BiP, the hsc70 present in the endoplasmic reticulum, has been found to bind substrates in vitro although substrates appear to bind only to monomeric BiP in vivo. In this study, we investigated whether substrate binds to polymerized cytoplasmic hsc70 in vitro. Although both stoichiometric ATP and high concentrations of cytochrome c peptide monomerized hsc70, direct binding studies provided no evidence that cytochrome c peptide binds to polymerized hsc70. Furthermore, the time course of cytochrome c peptide and clathrin binding to hsc70 suggested that rather than binding to polymerized hsc70, they monomerized it by reducing free monomer, thereby shifting the monomer-polymer equilibrium toward monomer. We conclude that peptide and protein substrates bind at least an order of magnitude more weakly to polymerized hsc70 than to monomer, suggesting that polymerization of hsc70 in vivo, perhaps by DnaJ homologs, may store it in an inactive form.
Mesh Terms:
Adenosine Triphosphate, Animals, Biopolymers, Cattle, Clathrin, Cytochrome c Group, HSP40 Heat-Shock Proteins, Heat-Shock Proteins, Kinetics, Peptide Fragments, Protein Binding
J. Biol. Chem. Jul. 12, 1996; 271(28);16792-7 [PUBMED:8663341]
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