Molecular cloning of SKAP55, a novel protein that associates with the protein tyrosine kinase p59fyn in human T-lymphocytes.

Ruprecht-Karls University Heidelberg, Institute of Immunology, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany. m71@ix.urz.uni-heidelberg/de
In human T-lymphocytes the Src family protein tyrosine kinase p59(fyn) associates with three phosphoproteins of 43, 55, and 85 kDa (pp43, pp55, and pp85). Employing a GST-Fyn-Src homology 2 (SH2) domain fusion protein pp55 was purified from lysates of Jurkat T-cells. Molecular cloning of the pp55 cDNA reveals that the pp55 gene codes for a so far nondescribed polypeptide of 359 amino acids that comprises a pleckstrin homology domain, a C-terminal SH3 domain, as well as several potential tyrosine phosphorylation sites, among which one fulfills the criteria to bind Src-like SH2 domains with high affinity. Consistent with this observation, pp55 selectively binds to isolated SH2 domains of Lck, Lyn, Src, and Fyn but not to the SH2 domains of ZAP70, Syk, Shc, SLP-76, Grb2, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, and c-abl in vitro. Based on these properties the protein was termed SKAP55 (src kinase-associated phosphoprotein of 55 kDa). Northern blot analysis shows that SKAP55 mRNA is preferentially expressed in lymphatic tissues. SKAP55 is detected in resting human T-lymphocytes as a constitutively tyrosine phosphorylated protein that selectively interacts with p59(fyn). These data suggest that SKAP55 represents a novel adaptor protein likely involved in Fyn-mediated signaling in human T-lymphocytes.
Mesh Terms:
Amino Acid Sequence, Base Sequence, Cloning, Molecular, Humans, Molecular Sequence Data, Molecular Weight, Phosphoproteins, Proto-Oncogene Proteins, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fyn, T-Lymphocytes, src Homology Domains, src-Family Kinases
J. Biol. Chem. Jun. 27, 1997; 272(26);16077-80 [PUBMED:9195899]
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