Negative cross-talk between p53 and the glucocorticoid receptor and its role in neuroblastoma cells.

The tumour suppressor p53 and the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) respond to different types of stress. We found that dexamethasone-activated endogenous and exogenous GR inhibit p53-dependent functions, including transactivation, up- (Bax and p21(WAF1/CIP1)) and down- (Bcl2) regulation of endogenous genes, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. GR forms a complex with p53 ...
in vivo, resulting in cytoplasmic sequestration of both p53 and GR. In neuroblastoma (NB) cells, cytoplasmic retention and inactivation of wild-type p53 involves GR. p53 and GR form a complex that is dissociated by GR antagonists, resulting in accumulation of p53 in the nucleus, activation of p53-responsive genes, growth arrest and apoptosis. These results suggest that molecules that efficiently disrupt GR-p53 interactions would have a therapeutic potential for the treatment of neuroblastoma and perhaps other diseases in which p53 is sequestered by GR.
Mesh Terms:
Apoptosis, Cell Cycle, Cell Division, Cell Nucleus, Cytoplasm, Dexamethasone, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Humans, Macromolecular Substances, Neuroblastoma, Receptor Cross-Talk, Receptors, Glucocorticoid, Transcriptional Activation, Transfection, Tumor Cells, Cultured, Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
Date: Nov. 15, 2000
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