p50(cdc37) binds directly to the catalytic domain of Raf as well as to a site on hsp90 that is topologically adjacent to the tetratricopeptide repeat binding site.

Department of Pharmacology, The University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA.
Several protein kinases (e.g. pp60(src), v-Raf) exist in heterocomplexes with hsp90 and a 50-kDa protein that is the mammalian homolog of the yeast cell cycle control protein Cdc37. In contrast, unliganded steroid receptors exist in heterocomplexes with hsp90 and a tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) domain protein, such as an immunophilin. Although p50(cdc37) and TPR domain proteins bind directly to hsp90, p50(cdc37) is not present in native steroid receptor.hsp90 heterocomplexes. To obtain some insight as to how v-Raf selects predominantly hsp90.p50(cdc37) heterocomplexes, rather than hsp90.TPR protein heterocomplexes, we have examined the binding of p50(cdc37) to hsp90 and to Raf. We show that p50(cdc37) exists in separate hsp90 heterocomplexes from the TPR domain proteins and that intact TPR proteins compete for p50(cdc37) binding to hsp90 but a protein fragment containing a TPR domain does not. This suggests that the binding site for p50(cdc37) lies topologically adjacent to the TPR acceptor site on the surface of hsp90. Also, we show that p50(cdc37) binds directly to v-Raf, with the catalytic domain of Raf being sufficient. We propose that the combination of exclusive binding of p50(cdc37) versus a TPR domain protein to hsp90 plus direct binding of p50(cdc37) to Raf allows the protein kinase to select for the dominant hsp90.p50(cdc37) composition that is observed with a variety of protein kinase heterocomplexes immunoadsorbed from cytosols.
Mesh Terms:
Animals, Binding Sites, Carrier Proteins, Cell Cycle Proteins, Chaperonins, Drosophila Proteins, HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins, Humans, Janus Kinases, Molecular Chaperones, Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins, Oncogene Proteins v-raf, Peptide Fragments, Protein Binding, Protein-Tyrosine Kinases, Proto-Oncogene Proteins, Rabbits, Rats, Retroviridae Proteins, Oncogenic, Transcription Factors
J. Biol. Chem. Aug. 07, 1998; 273(32);20090-5 [PUBMED:9685350]
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