Transcriptional repression by YY1 is mediated by interaction with a mammalian homolog of the yeast global regulator RPD3.

Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, University of South Florida, Tampa 33612, USA.
YY1 is a mammalian zinc-finger transcription factor with unusual structural and functional features. It has been implicated as a positive and a negative regulatory factor that binds to the CCATNTT consensus DNA element located in promoters of many cellular and viral genes. A mammalian cDNA that encodes a YY1-binding protein and possesses sequence homology with the yeast transcriptional factor RPD3 has been identified. A Gal4 DNA binding domain-mammalian RPD3 fusion protein strongly represses transcription from a promoter containing Gal4 binding sites. Association between YY1 and mammalian RPD3 requires a glycine-rich region on YY1. Mutations in this region abolish the interaction with mammalian RPD3 and eliminate transcriptional repression by YY1. These data suggest that YY1 negatively regulates transcription by tethering RPD3 to DNA as a cofactor and that this transcriptional mechanism is highly conserved from yeast to human.
Mesh Terms:
Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, DNA-Binding Proteins, Erythroid-Specific DNA-Binding Factors, Fungal Proteins, Glutathione Transferase, Histone Deacetylases, Humans, Mammals, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Recombinant Proteins, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Transcription Factors, Transcription, Genetic, YY1 Transcription Factor, Zinc Fingers
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. Nov. 12, 1996; 93(23);12845-50 [PUBMED:8917507]
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