Two novel proteins that are linked to insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) receptors by the Grb10 adapter and modulate IGF-I signaling.

Division of Endocrinology and the Hallett Center for Diabetes and Endocrinology, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA.
Grb10 is a protein that binds to the intracellular domains of activated tyrosine kinase receptors, including insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) and insulin receptors. This occurs through the interaction of two C-terminal Grb10 motifs (BPS and Src homology domains) with receptor phosphotyrosine residues. Published data from transfection/overexpression studies support both positive and negative regulatory effects of Grb10, thus leaving its physiological role unclear. Because Grb10 has the structure of an adapter protein, the objective of this study was to determine whether Grb10 links other proteins to IGF-I receptors and thus modulates IGF-I signaling. Using yeast two-hybrid screening, the N terminus of Grb10 was shown to interact with two novel proteins, designated GIGYF1 (Grb10 interacting GYF protein 1) and GIGYF2. Mutation analysis indicates that a 17-amino acid sequence in GIGYF1 and GIGYF2, homologous to the GYF domain described previously, binds to tandem proline-rich regions in the N terminus of Grb10. In IGF-I receptor-expressing R+ fibroblasts, there is detectable binding of a Myc-tagged fragment of GIGYF1 to Grb10 in the basal state. Stimulation with IGF-I results in increased binding of GIGYF1 to Grb10 and transient binding of both Grb10 and GIGYF1 to IGF-I receptors, presumably via the adapter function of Grb10. At later time points, GIGYF1 dissociates, but Grb10 remains linked to IGF-I receptors. Overexpression of the Grb10 binding fragment of GIGYF1 in R+ cells results in a significant increase in IGF-I-stimulated receptor tyrosine phosphorylation. In conclusion, we have identified two members of a novel protein family, which become transiently linked to IGF-I receptors by the Grb10 adapter protein following IGF-I stimulation. Grb10 and GIGYFs may act cooperatively to regulate receptor signaling.
Mesh Terms:
Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Carrier Proteins, Cells, Cultured, Cloning, Molecular, GRB10 Adaptor Protein, Insulin-Like Growth Factor I, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Proteins, Receptor, IGF Type 1, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Signal Transduction, Two-Hybrid System Techniques
J. Biol. Chem. Aug. 22, 2003; 278(34);31564-73 [PUBMED:12771153]
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