Evidence for the direct interaction of the insulin-like growth factor I receptor with IRS-1, Shc, and Grb10.

Metabolism Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.
We have used the yeast two-hybrid system to study the interaction between the IGF-I receptor and two putative substrates, IRS-1 and Shc. In addition, we have identified Grb10 as a protein that binds to the insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) receptor. This two-hybrid system (the interaction trap) utilizes a hybrid protein containing the LexA DNA-binding domain fused to the intracellular portion of the IGF-I receptor (LexA-IGFIR beta) and hybrids containing an activation domain fused to either IRS-1 (Ad-IRS-1), Shc (Ad-Shc), or a cDNA library. A positive interaction of LexA-IGFIR beta with the activation domain hybrid results in activation of reporter genes, LacZ and LEU2, in the yeast. Western blotting of extracts from transformed yeast demonstrated that the LexA-IGFIR beta fusion protein was expressed and phosphorylated on tyrosine residues. Coexpression of LexA-IGFIR beta with Ad-IRS-1 resulted in strong activation of both reporter genes; activation did not occur with a kinase-negative receptor mutant. IRS-1 residues 160-516 were sufficient for this strong interaction. Coexpression of LexA-IGFIR beta with Ad-Shc also resulted in strong activation of both LacZ and LEU2 reporter genes. This interaction was also dependent upon a tyrosine kinase-active receptor and required tyrosine 950 in the juxtamembrane region of the receptor. An N-terminal fragment of Shc (amino acids 1-232) interacted almost as strongly as full-length Shc whereas the Shc SH2 domain only activated the more sensitive LEU2 reporter. Full-length Shc was phosphorylated on tyrosine when coexpressed with IGFIR beta but not when coexpressed with the kinase-negative receptor mutant. To identify additional proteins that interact with the IGFIRs, a human fetal brain cDNA library was screened using the interaction trap system. This analysis identified partial cDNAs for Grb10. Coexpression of LexA-IGFIR beta with Ad-Grb10 resulted in strong activation of both LacZ and LEU2 reporter genes; this interaction was dependent upon a tyrosine kinase-active receptor but did not require tyrosine 950.
Mesh Terms:
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing, Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport, Amino Acid Sequence, Binding Sites, GRB10 Adaptor Protein, Humans, Hybrid Cells, Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins, Molecular Sequence Data, Phosphoproteins, Phosphorylation, Proteins, Receptor, IGF Type 1, Recombinant Proteins, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Shc Signaling Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transduction, Yeasts
Mol. Endocrinol. Jun. 01, 1996; 10(6);631-41 [PUBMED:8776723]
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