CD44 selectively associates with active Src family protein tyrosine kinases Lck and Fyn in glycosphingolipid-rich plasma membrane domains of human peripheral blood lymphocytes.

Department of Pathology, Centre Medical Universitaire, Geneva, Switzerland.
CD44 is the major cell surface receptor for the extracellular matrix glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan and is implicated in a variety of biological events that include embryonic morphogenesis, lymphocyte recirculation, inflammation, and tumor metastasis. CD44 delivers activation signals to T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, natural killer cells, polymorphonuclear leukocytes, and macrophages by stimulating protein tyrosine phosphorylation and calcium influx. The mechanism of signal transduction via CD44 remains undefined, although CD44 was shown to physically associate with intracellular protein tyrosine kinase Lck in T lymphocytes. In the present report, we show that a significant proportion of CD44 in human peripheral blood T lymphocytes and endothelial cells is associated with low-density plasma membrane fractions that represent specialized plasma membrane domains enriched in glycosphingolipids and glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins. CD44 and the GPI-anchored CD59 do not appear to directly interact in the low-density membrane fractions. In human peripheral blood T lymphocytes, 20% to 30% of the Src family protein tyrosine kinases, Lck and Fyn, are recovered from these fractions. CD44-associated protein kinase activity was selectively recovered from the low-density membrane fractions, corresponding to glycosphingolipid-rich plasma membrane microdomains. Reprecipitation of the in vitro phosphorylated proteins showed that CD44 associates not only with Lck but also with Fyn kinase in these membrane domains. Our results suggest that cellular stimulation via CD44 may proceed through the signaling machinery of glycosphingolipid-enriched plasma membrane microdomains and, hence, depend on the functional integrity of such domains.
Mesh Terms:
Antigens, CD44, Cell Membrane, Endothelium, Vascular, G(M1) Ganglioside, Glycosphingolipids, Glycosylphosphatidylinositols, Humans, Lymphocyte Activation, Lymphocyte Specific Protein Tyrosine Kinase p56(lck), Macromolecular Substances, Membrane Lipids, Membrane Proteins, Phosphorylation, Phytohemagglutinins, Protein Processing, Post-Translational, Proto-Oncogene Proteins, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fyn, Signal Transduction, T-Lymphocytes
Blood May. 15, 1998; 91(10);3901-8 [PUBMED:9573028]
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