Rad4TopBP1, a scaffold protein, plays separate roles in DNA damage and replication checkpoints and DNA replication.

Department of Pathology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305-5324, USA.
Rad4TopBP1, a BRCT domain protein, is required for both DNA replication and checkpoint responses. Little is known about how the multiple roles of Rad4TopBP1 are coordinated in maintaining genome integrity. We show here that Rad4TopBP1 of fission yeast physically interacts with the checkpoint sensor proteins, the replicative DNA polymerases, and a WD-repeat protein, Crb3. We identified four novel mutants to investigate how Rad4TopBP1 could have multiple roles in maintaining genomic integrity. A novel mutation in the third BRCT domain of rad4+TopBP1 abolishes DNA damage checkpoint response, but not DNA replication, replication checkpoint, and cell cycle progression. This mutant protein is able to associate with all three replicative polymerases and checkpoint proteins Rad3ATR-Rad26ATRIP, Hus1, Rad9, and Rad17 but has a compromised association with Crb3. Furthermore, the damaged-induced Rad9 phosphorylation is significantly reduced in this rad4TopBP1 mutant. Genetic and biochemical analyses suggest that Crb3 has a role in the maintenance of DNA damage checkpoint and influences the Rad4TopBP1 damage checkpoint function. Taken together, our data suggest that Rad4TopBP1 provides a scaffold to a large complex containing checkpoint and replication proteins thereby separately enforcing checkpoint responses to DNA damage and replication perturbations during the cell cycle.
Mesh Terms:
Cell Cycle, Cell Cycle Proteins, DNA Damage, DNA Replication, DNA-Binding Proteins, Enzyme Activation, Gene Dosage, Mutation, Phosphorylation, Protein Binding, Protein Kinases, Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases, Schizosaccharomyces, Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins, Transglutaminases, Two-Hybrid System Techniques
Mol. Biol. Cell Aug. 01, 2006; 17(8);3456-68 [PUBMED:16723501]
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