c-MYC interacts with INI1/hSNF5 and requires the SWI/SNF complex for transactivation function.

Chromatin organization plays a key role in the regulation of gene expression. The evolutionarily conserved SWI/SNF complex is one of several multiprotein complexes that activate transcription by remodelling chromatin in an ATP-dependent manner. SWI2/SNF2 is an ATPase whose homologues, BRG1 and hBRM, mediate cell-cycle arrest; the SNF5 homologue, INI1/hSNF5, appears ...
to be a tumour suppressor. A search for INI1-interacting proteins using the two-hybrid system led to the isolation of c-MYC, a transactivator. The c-MYC-INI1 interaction was observed both in vitro and in vivo. The c-MYC basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) and leucine zipper (Zip) domains and the INI1 repeat 1 (Rpt1) region were required for this interaction. c-MYC-mediated transactivation was inhibited by a deletion fragment of INI1 and the ATPase mutant of BRG1/hSNF2 in a dominant-negative manner contingent upon the presence of the c-MYC bHLH-Zip domain. Our results suggest that the SWI/SNF complex is necessary for c-MYC-mediated transactivation and that the c-MYC-INI1 interaction helps recruit the complex.
Mesh Terms:
Binding Sites, Cell Line, Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone, DNA Helicases, DNA-Binding Proteins, Drosophila Proteins, HL-60 Cells, Hela Cells, Humans, Mutation, Nuclear Proteins, Protein Binding, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc, RNA-Binding Proteins, Ribonucleoprotein, U1 Small Nuclear, Transcription Factors, Transcriptional Activation
Nat. Genet.
Date: May. 01, 1999
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