A novel Tel1/ATM N-terminal motif, TAN, is essential for telomere length maintenance and a DNA damage response.

Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 600 16th Street, Room S316, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158-2517, USA.
Tel1/ATM, a conserved phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-related kinase (PIKK), acts in the response to DNA damage and regulates telomere maintenance. PIKK family members share an extended N-terminal region of low sequence homology. Sequence alignment of the N terminus of Tel1/ATM orthologs revealed a conserved, novel motif we term TAN (for Tel1/ATM N-terminal motif). Point mutations in conserved residues of the TAN motif resulted in telomere shortening, and its deletion caused the same short telomere phenotype as complete deletion of Tel1 did. Overexpressing Tel1 TAN mutants did not rescue telomere shortening. The TAN motif was also essential for the function of Tel1 in the response to DNA damage, as TAN-deleted Tel1 was indistinguishable from the complete lack of Tel1 in causing reduced viability and signaling through Rad53 upon DNA damage. Strikingly, TAN deletion reduced recruitment of Tel1 to a double-strand DNA break. Together, these results define a conserved sequence motif within an otherwise poorly defined region of the Tel1/ATM kinase family proteins that is essential for normal Tel1 function in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Mesh Terms:
Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Cell Cycle Proteins, Cell Nucleus, DNA Damage, DNA Repair, DNA Repair Enzymes, DNA-Binding Proteins, Humans, Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins, Molecular Sequence Data, Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Sequence Alignment, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Telomere, Tumor Suppressor Proteins
Mol. Cell. Biol. Sep. 01, 2008; 28(18);5736-46 [PUBMED:18625723]
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