UV-induced degradation of securin is mediated by SKP1-CUL1-beta TrCP E3 ubiquitin ligase.

Departamento de Microbiologia, Facultad de Biologia, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain.
Securin is a chaperone protein with bifunctional properties. It binds to separase to inhibit premature sister chromatid separation until the onset of anaphase, and it also takes part in cell-cycle arrest after UV irradiation. At metaphase-to-anaphase transition, securin is targeted for proteasomal destruction by the anaphase-promoting complex or cyclosome (APC/C), allowing activation of separase. However, although securin is reported to undergo proteasome-dependent degradation after UV irradiation, the ubiquitin ligase responsible for securin ubiquitylation has not been well characterized. In this study, we show that UV radiation induced a marked reduction of securin in both the nucleus and cytoplasm. Moreover, we show that GSK-3beta inhibitors prevent securin degradation, and that CUL1 and betaTrCP are involved in this depletion. We also confirmed that SKP1-CUL1-betaTrCP (SCF(betaTrCP)) ubiquitylates securin in vivo, and identified a conserved and unconventional betaTrCP recognition motif (DDAYPE) in the securin primary amino acid sequence of humans, nonhuman primates and rodents. Furthermore, downregulation of betaTrCP caused an accumulation of securin in non-irradiated cells. We conclude that SCF(betaTrCP) is the E3 ubiquitin ligase responsible for securin degradation after UV irradiation, and that it is involved in securin turnover in nonstressed cells.
Mesh Terms:
Amino Acid Motifs, Animals, COS Cells, Cell Cycle, Cell Cycle Proteins, Cell Nucleus, Cercopithecus aethiops, Cullin Proteins, Cytoplasm, Down-Regulation, Enzyme Inhibitors, Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3, Hela Cells, Humans, Neoplasm Proteins, Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex, SKP Cullin F-Box Protein Ligases, Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases, Ubiquitination, Ultraviolet Rays, beta-Transducin Repeat-Containing Proteins
J. Cell. Sci. Jun. 01, 2008; 121(0);1825-31 [PUBMED:18460583]
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