The zinc-finger transcription factor INSM1 is expressed during embryo development and interacts with the Cbl-associated protein.

Experimental Medicine Section, Oral Infection and Immunity Branch, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, 20892-4322, USA.
Here we describe the isolation and characterization of the mouse homolog of the human zinc-finger transcription factor INSM1 (IA-1) and identify an interacting protein. A 2.9-kb cDNA with an open reading frame of 1563 nucleotides, corresponding to a translated protein of 521 amino acids, was isolated from a mouse beta TC-1 cDNA library. Mouse INSM1 was found to be 86% identical to human INSM1 and both proteins contain proline-rich regions and multiple zinc-finger DNA-binding motifs. Sequencing of mouse Insm1 genomic DNA revealed that it is an intronless gene. Chromosomal mapping localized Insm1 to chromosome 2. Northern blot analysis showed that mouse Insm1 expression begins at 10.5 days in the embryo, decreases after 13.5 days, and is barely detected at 18.5 days. In mouse brain, Insm1 is strongly expressed for 2 weeks after birth but shows little or no expression thereafter. Transfection of cells with GFP-tagged INSM1 revealed that INSM1 is expressed exclusively in the nucleus. We identified proteins that interacted with INSM1 by the yeast two-hybrid system and the binding of one of them, Cbl-associated protein (CAP), to INSM1 was confirmed by in vitro pull-down experiments, nuclear colocalization, and co-immunoprecipitation assays. Further studies showed that both INSM1 and CAP proteins were present in the nucleus of insulinoma cells and that endogenous INSM1 protein was co-precipitated with antibody to CAP. These findings raise the possibility that during embryo development CAP may enter the nucleus through its own nuclear localization signal or by binding to INSM1.
Mesh Terms:
Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Base Sequence, Chromosome Mapping, Cytoskeletal Proteins, DNA, DNA-Binding Proteins, Genes, Dominant, Introns, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Nuclear Proteins, Precipitin Tests, Transcription Factors, Two-Hybrid System Techniques, Zinc Fingers
Genomics Jul. 01, 2002; 80(1);54-61 [PUBMED:12079283]
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