BRG-1 is recruited to estrogen-responsive promoters and cooperates with factors involved in histone acetylation.

Several factors that mediate activation by nuclear receptors also modify the chemical and structural composition of chromatin. Prominent in this diverse group is the steroid receptor coactivator 1 (SRC-1) family, which interact with agonist-bound nuclear receptors, thereby coupling them to multifunctional transcriptional coregulators such as CREB-binding protein (CBP), p300, and ...
PCAF, all of which have potent histone acetyltransferase activity. Additionally factors including the Brahma-related gene 1 (BRG-1) that are involved in the structural remodeling of chromatin also mediate hormone-dependent transcriptional activation by nuclear receptors. Here, we provide evidence that these two distinct mechanisms of coactivation may operate in a collaborative manner. We demonstrate that transcriptional activation by the estrogen receptor (ER) requires functional BRG-1 and that the coactivation of estrogen signaling by either SRC-1 or CBP is BRG-1 dependent. We find that in response to estrogen, ER recruits BRG-1, thereby targeting BRG-1 to the promoters of estrogen-responsive genes in a manner that occurs simultaneous to histone acetylation. Finally, we demonstrate that BRG-1-mediated coactivation of ER signaling is regulated by the state of histone acetylation within a cell. Inhibition of histone deacetylation by trichostatin A dramatically increases BRG-1-mediated coactivation of ER signaling, and this increase is reversed by overexpression of histone deacetylase 1. These studies support a critical role for BRG-1 in ER action in which estrogen stimulates an ER-BRG-1 association coupling BRG-1 to regions of chromatin at the sites of estrogen-responsive promoters and promotes the activity of other recruited factors that alter the acetylation state of chromatin.
Mesh Terms:
Acetylation, CREB-Binding Protein, Chromatin, DNA Helicases, DNA-Binding Proteins, Estrogens, Histone Acetyltransferases, Histone Deacetylases, Histones, Humans, Hydroxamic Acids, Ligands, Nuclear Proteins, Nuclear Receptor Coactivator 1, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Protein Binding, Receptors, Estrogen, Response Elements, Signal Transduction, Trans-Activators, Transcription Factors, Transcriptional Activation, Tumor Cells, Cultured
Mol. Cell. Biol.
Date: Oct. 01, 2000
Download Curated Data For This Publication
Switch View:
  • Interactions 6