In vivo assembly of coatomer, the COP-I coat precursor.

Coatomer, a seven-subunit hetero-oligomeric complex, is the major component of the COP-I membrane coat of transport vesicles of the early secretory pathway. We have followed the assembly of this complex in vivo by pulse-chase experiments and immunoprecipitation of native coatomer subunits and found that it is an ordered process that ...
takes 1-2 h to complete. During assembly, direct interactions between alpha-, beta'- and delta-COP, beta- and delta-COP, and gamma-, zeta-, and delta-COP occur. Coatomer, once it has assembled, is stable with a half-life of approximately 28 h. No significant amounts of partial coatomer complexes have been detected. The only subunit to exist at steady state out of the complex is zeta-COP, which has a similar half-life to coatomer subunits within the complex. Assembly is inhibited by brefeldin A, suggesting that it may be a regulated process. These results describe for the first time in vivo assembly of a coat protein complex involved in membrane traffic and extend our knowledge of how coatomer is structured.
Mesh Terms:
Animals, Biological Transport, Brefeldin A, Cercopithecus aethiops, Coatomer Protein, Cyclopentanes, Immunologic Techniques, Intracellular Membranes, Macromolecular Substances, Membrane Proteins, Microtubule-Associated Proteins, Protein Binding, Vero Cells
J. Biol. Chem.
Date: Nov. 29, 1996
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