BAIT

VAC14

YLR386W
Enzyme regulator; involved in synthesis of phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate, in control of trafficking of some proteins to the vacuole lumen via the MVB, and in maintenance of vacuole size and acidity; binds negative (Fig4p) and positive (Fab1p) regulators of PtdIns(3,5)P(2) to control endolysosome function; similar to mammalian Vac14p
GO Process (2)
GO Function (1)
GO Component (3)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S288c)
PREY

ATG18

AUT10, CVT18, NMR1, SVP1, phosphoinositide binding protein ATG18, YFR021W
Phosphoinositide binding protein; required for vesicle formation in autophagy and the cytoplasm-to-vacuole targeting (Cvt) pathway; binds both phosphatidylinositol (3,5)-bisphosphate and phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate; WD-40 repeat protein; relocalizes from vacuole to cytoplasm upon DNA replication stress; has 4 mammalian homologs WIPI1, WIPI2, WIPI3 and WIPI4/WDR45; mutations in human WDR45 cause static encephalopathy of childhood with neurodegeneration in adulthood
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S288c)

Phenotypic Suppression

A genetic interaction is inferred when mutation or over expression of one gene results in suppression of any phenotype (other than lethality/growth defect) associated with mutation or over expression of another gene.

Publication

Atg18 regulates organelle morphology and Fab1 kinase activity independent of its membrane recruitment by phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate.

Efe JA, Botelho RJ, Emr SD

The lipid kinase Fab1 governs yeast vacuole homeostasis by generating PtdIns(3,5)P(2) on the vacuolar membrane. Recruitment of effector proteins by the phospholipid ensures precise regulation of vacuole morphology and function. Cells lacking the effector Atg18p have enlarged vacuoles and high PtdIns(3,5)P(2) levels. Although Atg18 colocalizes with Fab1p, it likely does not directly interact with Fab1p, as deletion of either kinase ... [more]

Mol. Biol. Cell Nov. 01, 2007; 18(11);4232-44 [Pubmed: 17699591]

Throughput

  • Low Throughput

Ontology Terms

  • phenotype: vacuolar morphology (APO:0000059)

Additional Notes

  • Targeting ATG18p to the vacuolar membrane shrinks the grossly enlarged vacuoles of a vac14{Delta} strain.

Related interactions

InteractionExperimental Evidence CodeDatasetThroughputScoreCurated ByNotes
VAC14 ATG18
Negative Genetic
Negative Genetic

Mutations/deletions in separate genes, each of which alone causes a minimal phenotype, but when combined in the same cell results in a more severe fitness defect or lethality under a given condition. This term is reserved for high or low throughput studies with scores.

High-0.6567BioGRID
401316
ATG18 VAC14
Negative Genetic
Negative Genetic

Mutations/deletions in separate genes, each of which alone causes a minimal phenotype, but when combined in the same cell results in a more severe fitness defect or lethality under a given condition. This term is reserved for high or low throughput studies with scores.

High-0.224BioGRID
2113076
VAC14 ATG18
Negative Genetic
Negative Genetic

Mutations/deletions in separate genes, each of which alone causes a minimal phenotype, but when combined in the same cell results in a more severe fitness defect or lethality under a given condition. This term is reserved for high or low throughput studies with scores.

High-0.6203BioGRID
2155710
ATG18 VAC14
Negative Genetic
Negative Genetic

Mutations/deletions in separate genes, each of which alone causes a minimal phenotype, but when combined in the same cell results in a more severe fitness defect or lethality under a given condition. This term is reserved for high or low throughput studies with scores.

High-0.4762BioGRID
2435956
ATG18 VAC14
PCA
PCA

A Protein-Fragment Complementation Assay (PCA) is a protein-protein interaction assay in which a bait protein is expressed as fusion to one of the either N- or C- terminal peptide fragments of a reporter protein and prey protein is expressed as fusion to the complementary N- or C- terminal fragment of the same reporter protein. Interaction of bait and prey proteins bring together complementary fragments, which can then fold into an active reporter, e.g. the split-ubiquitin assay.

High-BioGRID
-
ATG18 VAC14
Synthetic Growth Defect
Synthetic Growth Defect

A genetic interaction is inferred when mutations in separate genes, each of which alone causes a minimal phenotype, result in a significant growth defect under a given condition when combined in the same cell.

Low-BioGRID
255871
ATG18 VAC14
Two-hybrid
Two-hybrid

Bait protein expressed as a DNA binding domain (DBD) fusion and prey expressed as a transcriptional activation domain (TAD) fusion and interaction measured by reporter gene activation.

Low-BioGRID
-

Curated By

  • BioGRID